Tintype dating a of liquidating the
The photographic formats we’ve examined so far in this series showing you how to date your old family photographs are daguerreotypes and collodion positives. Ferrotypes first appeared in America in the 1850s, but didn’t become popular in Britain until the 1870s.
They were still being made by while-you-wait street photographers as late as the 1950s.
They are a very dark grey-black and the image quality is often poor.In terms of quantity, the gem was the most prolifically produced form of photograph in the 1860s in America.Aside from the speed of its production, the gem was also inexpensive and its small size made it suitable for mounting in jewellery such as lockets and broaches.Quarter plate tintypes were also offered in paper mounts, but they were easily damaged so not many have survived.Like regular cartes de visite, the tintype carte and even unmounted tintypes produced in the United States were required to carry a tax stamp between 1864-66 which can assist in dating of these photographs. A patent for a multiplying back camera was granted to William Southworth of New Castle, Maine on June 17, 1862.
The earliest published reference to cartes-de-visite tintypes or ferrotype cards was in "The Card Photograph" by Cincinnati photographer Charles Waldack (b.